With Labor Day next Monday, many businesses will be closed in honor of the American labor movement. The labor movement in the United States grew out of the need to protect the common interest of workers. One of those common interest is ensuring that workers are provided with safer working conditions. And part of providing a safe work environment for your employees is ensuring your building's fire protection systems are being maintained and kept up-to-date with the codes and standards. Accidents happen and fires get started for various reasons. That’s why passive fire protection systems have been designed to help protect the building and all of its workers during a fire.
Designed to prevent the spread of fire and smoke between fire barriers. It serves as a regular door by giving you an easy outlet during a fire, while compartmentalizing the building to help prevent the spread of fire, smoke and toxic fumes. The best places for a fire door is leading to a stairwell or any horizontal exits, hazardous areas, hallways or corridors, and any fully enclosed room to another.
Fire walls/barriers compartmentalize a building by preventing the spread of fire and smoke through the use of fire-rated walls, floors and ceilings. Firestopping is essentially the maintenance of these barriers by sealing any holes or gaps found from penetrating items. It is crucial that walls be properly repaired when damaged, altered, breached or penetrated in any way. Caulking is the procedure used to seal joints in structures and some types of piping.
FIRE & SMOKE DAMPERS
Fire dampers are used in ducts to prevent the spread of fire within the duct work through fire-resistance rated walls and floors. When the temperature rises, it melts the fusible link, which shuts the damper and prevents the spread of flame. Similar to fire dampers, smoke dampers are used in ductworks designed to resist the passage of air and smoke. Typically a smoke detector will send a signal to the smoke damper that will close by an actuator when smoke is detected. To get the best of both worlds, a combination damper, which is a fire and smoke damper, are used in areas where both fire and smoke barriers are located to prevent the passage of both flames and smoke.
PHOTOLUMINESCENT EGRESS PATH MARKERS & EXIT SIGNS
Photoluminescent Egress Path Marking Systems and Exit Signs will continue to glow in smoky conditions, allowing people to navigate their way to safety. Ultimately these systems compartmentalize a building into sections to help contain and slow the spread of the fire and smoke, while helping to guide occupants safely out of danger. But to ensure that a building and everyone inside will be completely protected, it needs to have both passive and active fire protection systems.