Home decoration should use fireproof materials. What are the common fireproof materials?

Date:Sep 07, 2020

Fireproof board: Fireproof board is currently the most commonly used material on the market. Its advantages are fireproof, moisture-proof, wear-resistant, oil-resistant, easy to clean, and there are many varieties of colors. Fire-proof ceilings are installed in the exit passages, stairwells and corridors of buildings to ensure the safe evacuation of people during a fire and protect people from spreading fire.

Wooden fire doors: fire doors are divided into wooden fire doors, steel fire doors and stainless steel fire doors. Usually fire doors are used for fire wall openings, stairwell entrances and exits, evacuation walkways, duct well openings, etc., which play an important role in fire separation and reduction of fire losses. The wooden fire door has light weight, is easy to install, and is convenient for secondary decoration. It is suitable for all kinds of civil buildings and some industrial buildings.

Fireproof wooden window frame: The fireproof wooden window frame is surrounded by a wooden sealing material, which expands when exposed to heat to prevent flames from entering through the gap. Even if the fire outside is violent, it can resist fire for 30 minutes. This window frame is made of pine wood, and a sealing material made of graphite is pasted around it to block fine gaps and increase the fireproof effect. According to experiments, at a distance of 10 cm from the window frame, a flamethrower was aimed at the window frame, and a flame with a temperature of up to 800°C was sprayed. The flame failed to penetrate the window frame for 20 minutes, indicating that the fireproof effect is aluminum windows. Several times the box.

Fire shutters: Fire shutters can be installed at locations where it is inconvenient to install firewalls in buildings. Fire shutters generally have good functions such as fire prevention, heat insulation, smoke isolation, compression resistance, aging resistance, and abrasion resistance.

Fire-proof and moth-proof wood: Firstly, ordinary wood is soaked in a solution containing cations such as calcium and aluminum, and then soaked in a solution containing anions such as phosphate and silicate. In this way, the two ions will chemically react in the wood to form a ceramic-like substance, which is tightly filled into the voids of the cell tissue, so that the wood has the properties of fire prevention and mothproofing.

Fireproof storage box: can withstand quite high external temperature. It can be placed independently or embedded in the wall. It can protect valuables such as coins, account books, vouchers, tapes, audio tapes, photographic negatives, etc. from being lost in a fire.

Fire-resistant glass: Fire-resistant glass has good light transmission properties, fire resistance, heat insulation, and sound insulation properties. Common fire-resistant glass includes laminated composite fire-resistant glass, wire-lined fire-resistant glass and hollow fire-resistant glass. Fire-resistant glass is used in important places such as financial insurance, jewelry and gold shops, books and archives, cultural relics and valuables collection, financial settlement and other public buildings such as commercial buildings, hotels, theaters, hospitals, airports, computer rooms, stations and terminals, and other public buildings that have fire separation requirements. Ideal fireproof material for fire doors, windows and fire partition walls of industrial and civil buildings.

Fire-retardant paint: Fire-retardant paint is a special kind of fire-proof protective paint. It is a solvent-based paint composed of chlorinated rubber, paraffin wax and a variety of fire-retardant additives. It has good fire resistance. It is applied to the surface of ordinary wires and expands to 200 mm when exposed to fire. The thick foam is carbonized into a protective layer to isolate the fire source. It is suitable for fire protection of indoor and outdoor cables in high-level buildings such as power plants and substations.

Fire blocking materials: fire blocking materials are used to block various penetrations, such as various openings formed when cables, air ducts, oil pipes, pipes, etc. pass through walls (storage) walls, floor (A) slabs, and cable bridges Sectional fire-proof partitions are designed to prevent fire from spreading through these openings and gaps. It has a fire-proof function and is easy to install. It includes organic fire-proof blocking materials, inorganic fire-proof blocking materials and fire-resistant packages.

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